The issues of delays and pendency have been the bone of contention for the Indian Judiciary for a long time. According to the statistics available on NJDG , as on 2019 April 29, more than 3.03 crores cases are pending in different subordinate courts of India. The data further showed that out of 3.03 crore pending cases, 46.16 lakh cases – almost 15.23 per cent, are 5 to 10 years old. Another 25.29 lakh cases, which constituted around 8.34 per cent are more than 10 years old. Combined together, 23.57 per cent pending cases in the courts have been waiting disposal for at least 5 years now.
Since the last five decades, the Judiciary, the Ministry of Law & Justice, eminent thinkers and jurists have mooted several strategies to tackle the issues of delays and pendency in India. This is just an indication of the immense load that our Hon’ble judges handle and the pressure they experience in order to clear as many cases as possible. It is recognized that India requires proper case management and also court administration systems to achieve the goal. There is no doubt that there have been many positive actions from our legislators and the judiciary to keep pendency at its minimum.
Background Of Nyaya Mitra
Nyaya Mitra (hereinafter NM) program aims at assisting the district judiciary in reduction of pendency of ten year old cases and increasing access to justice for marginalized people. The program was launched in 227 selected districts of 16 States i.e. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Odisha, eight states of North Eastern Region and Jammu & Kashmir during April 2017. Selection of district courts for Nyaya Mitra was done based on highest pendency of court cases over 10 years of period sourced from National Judiciary Data Grid (NJDG) database. The position of the NMs were open to retired judicial officers and retired government officers (with legal background only).
Providing assistance to the High Court / district judges for speedier disposal of ten year old pending cases.
Building convergence with legal services authorities, relevant govt. departments, subordinate judiciary and litigants for speedier disposal of pending cases.
Undertake Access to Justice Initiatives to support effective implementation of Article 39-A of the Constitution of India ensuring that easy and affordable legal aid is available to all irrespective of economic or other disabilities of those wishing to access it.